What exactly is propolis?
Propolis, also known as bee putty resin, is used by bees to cement all the cracks on moving parts such as doors, windows, sliders, frames and more in the beehive. Beekeepers then often have trouble removing these parts.
Bees ingest resin from buds, but also from deciduous and coniferous trees and, like flower pollen, wear it as panties on their hind legs into the beehive. There they add special glandular secretions to him during processing. The bee clogs cracks and crevices in the beehive to ensure thermal insulation and regulate the size of the entrance hole so that no enemies can enter. The word "propolis" comes from the Greek and means "in front of the city".
Propolis has an even more important meaning for the bees, because "in front of the city" should not only remain enemies, but also any diseases and germs. To do this, the bees use the antibacterial, antiviral and fungicidal properties of propolis. They therefore not only glue cracks and crevices, but also coat the inner walls of the cells with a fine propolis coating. Once this effective disinfection is complete, the queen bee can start laying the eggs. In addition, you cover bee corpses that have not been transported outside and small animals that have penetrated and killed with propolis. They embalm them with propolis, so to speak, to counteract the decomposition process. The ancient Egyptians made use of this knowledge when embalming their dead.
An antibiotic was also discovered in the bee itself, which makes it resistant to any attack by viruses and bacteria. The most potent antibacterial substance was found in the putty resin of the bees, in propolis.
All further information on the ingredients and the mode of action of propolis can be found here.